The Islamic law track covers both legal theory (uśūl al-fiqh) and positive law (furū¢ al-fiqh). The course of study takes students through a series of texts that embody the scholastic method and approach to concepts and problems in the two disciplines. The juridical and theological schools of legal theory are also explored. Students study, analyze, and evaluate the major hermeneutic approaches to the sources of Islamic law, as well as focus on the legal reasoning and principles employed by a jurist when interpreting and applying the law to new cases. Additionally, the program emphasizes the rich interplay between law, kalām theology, and the Arabic language when considering the various schools of legal theory, with the goal to read, interpret, and explicate advanced texts in Islamic law.
Islamic Theology and Philosophy (falsafah)
This track takes students through the foundational texts of kalām theology and falsafah. Coursework and texts range from the Ash¢arī and Māturīdī schools of theology to the Peripatetic and Illuminationist (ishrāqī) schools of falsafah. Issues of general ontology (al-umūr al-¢āmmah)—such as epistemology, existence, quiddity, oneness, multiplicity, emanation, and causality—are studied using classical texts by major philosophers and theologians of the various schools. Theological problems of the divine attributes, prophecy, infallibility, ethics, and eschatology are studied. In addition to training students in each of the disciplines, emphasis is placed on cultivating the reading, analyzing, and inquiry skills required for accessing texts in the disciplines. This allows students to conduct research on current problems in the areas of kalām theology and falsafah.
The Islamic Finance concentration combines instruction in Muslim legal theory, positive law, and finance. While it shares foundational legal training with the law concentration, it provides specialized instruction in the fields of economics and trade within Muslim jurisprudence. This program pairs the study of theory with a tight focus on contemporary Islamic finance applications, including how alternative institutions might provide ethical alternatives in a financialized world. Students will graduate equipped to navigate the world of finance, with a deep grounding in Islamic moral principles.